Vermont is host to a variety of fish, wildlife, and plant species. Transportation-related impacts to wildlife, plants, and endangered species typically may occur because of road construction, tree clearing, wetland impacts, or other impacts to plant and animal habitat.
Impacts to fish, wildlife, plants, and rare species are regulated at the state level through the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, and at the federal level through the US Fish and Wildlife Service and other federal agencies. Laws and regulatory programs pertaining to fish, wildlife and plants are described on the following Environmental Procedures Manual pages:
Vermont Endangered and Threatened Species – Impacts to state-listed rare species
US Endangered Species Act – Impacts to federally listed rare species
US Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act – Impacts to wildlife from federally funded projects
Migratory Bird Treaty Act - Impacts to migratory birds
VTrans and the ANR Fish and Wildlife Department (FWD) signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) in 2005 to promote the accommodation of wildlife and aquatic organisms along transportation systems and minimized wildlife-vehicle collisions. The MOA states that VTrans and FWD will establish a committee, identify fish and wildlife impacts from transportation, and take various measures to minimize impacts to fish and wildlife. Measures include facilitating wildlife movement across highways (using underpasses, culverts, or other means), GIS modeling to predict wildlife movement, and improved planning and coordination.
Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department