Farmland Soils and Agriculture

Farmland in Vermont is recognized in terms of both active agricultural use and the potential for soils to support agricultural activities. Soils in Vermont are mapped by the United States Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and certain soil types are recognized by NRCS as being especially valuable for agriculture (“important farmland soils”). Such soils are subject to regulation regardless of their status with respect to active agriculture, although urban and certain other areas may be exempt. Impacts to farmland or farmland soils may occur from transportation activities such as (for example) road construction or widening. Impacts to farmland and farmland soils are regulated through the US Farmland Protection Policy Act and through Vermont’s Act 250. More information about these programs can be found at the links below.


Natural Resources Conservation Service

State Office

356 Mountain View Drive

Suite 105

Colchester, Vermont 05446


VTrans Environmental Permit Specialists