Farmland in Vermont is recognized in terms of both active agricultural use and the potential for soils to support agricultural activities. Soils in Vermont are mapped by the United States Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and certain soil types are recognized by NRCS as being especially valuable for agriculture (“important farmland soils”). Such soils are subject to regulation regardless of their status with respect to active agriculture, although urban and certain other areas may be exempt. Impacts to farmland or farmland soils may occur from transportation activities such as (for example) road construction or widening. Impacts to farmland and farmland soils are regulated through the US Farmland Protection Policy Act and through Vermont’s Act 250. More information about these programs can be found at the links below.
US Farmland Protection Policy Act – Federally funded impacts to farmland soils
Act 250 – Impacts to farmland or farmland soils for projects larger than ten acres (or over 2,500’ elevation)
Natural Resources Conservation Service
356 Mountain View Drive
Colchester, Vermont 05446
VTrans Environmental Permit Specialists