Historical and Archaeological Resources


Historic resources may include bridges, buildings, structures, objects, sites, and historic districts that are at least 50 years old or meet certain other criteria. Archaeological resources include both pre-contact Native American resources and more recent agricultural or industrial archaeological artifacts and sites. Their significance may be recognized nationally by being on the “National Register of Historic Places”, an official list of historic places that have been deemed worthy of preservation. Resources with statewide significance may be included on the “State Register of Historic Places”. Transportation projects may be involved with historic and archaeological resources because of (for example) direct or indirect impacts to structures for new roadways, repairs to historic bridges, or excavation in archaeologically sensitive areas. Impacts to historic resources are regulated by the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, and internally at VTrans by historic preservation and archeology staff within the Environmental Section.

Historic and archaeological resources are regulated under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and Section 4(f) of the U.S. Department of Transportation Act of 1966. These resources are also regulated by the Vermont laws Act 250 and the Vermont Historic Preservation Act, 22 VSA 14.

More detailed information may be found on the following Environmental Procedures Manual web pages:

  • Section 106 - Impacts to historic resources from federal projects

  • Section 4(f) - Impacts to historic resources from federal transportation projects


VTrans archaeological and historic resource specialists:

Jeannine Russell-Pinkham
Archaeology Officer
(802) 477-3460

Brennan Gauthier
VTrans Senior Archaeologist
(802) 279-1460

Judith Ehrlich
Historic Preservation Officer
(802) 595-3744

Kyle Obenauer
Historic Preservation Specialist
(802) 279-7040