The Lamoille Valley Rail Trail (LVRT) is a four-season, multi-purpose recreation and transportation corridor across northern Vermont following the former 93-mile Lamoille Valley Railroad (LVRR) rail line from St. Johnsbury to Swanton. The trail extends across five counties connecting 18 towns including St. Johnsbury, Danville, Cabot, Walden, Stannard, Greensboro, Hardwick, Wolcott, Morristown, Hyde Park, Johnson, Cambridge, Fletcher, Bakersfield, Fairfield, Sheldon, Highgate, and Swanton. Once complete, the LVRT will provide an important link between several significant recreational trails in Vermont and Canada, including connections to the VAST snowmobile trail network, the Long Trail, the Missisquoi Valley Rail Trail, the Three Rivers Path, and the Cambridge Greenway.
The trail has a 10-foot-wide firm compacted crushed stone surface with 2-foot grass shoulders and wheelchair-accessible grades. The trail is open year-round to non-motorized uses. In the warmer months, the trail can be utilized for walking, jogging, hiking, cycling, and horseback riding. Local snowmobile clubs maintain and groom the trail through winter, allowing for snowshoeing, Nordic skiing, snowmobiling, and dog sledding. Additional recreational opportunities can be found along the trail at designated fish and wildlife waysides. Trail parking is available throughout the corridor. In addition to recreation and immersion in Vermont’s natural landscape, the LVRT offers historically significant and impressive structures such as the Fisher Covered Bridge, the bridges in Morristown and Swanton, historic railroad station buildings, historic stone culverts, a railway workers’ memorial, and more.
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History of the LVRT Rail Corridor
The Lamoille Valley Rail Trail (LVRT) occupies the former railroad corridor from St. Johnsbury to Swanton, which was constructed between 1869 and 1877 as a segment of the Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad – Vermont Division. The railroad operated under various management and similar names throughout its lifetime. In 1880 the line was renamed the St. Johnsbury and Lake Champlain Railroad (St. J & L.C.). The line was known as “The Bridge Road”, named for the six covered railroad bridges on its scenic route traversing small towns, forest, farmland, and picturesque train stations. The St. J & L.C. provided a connection between Portland, Maine and Ogdensburg, NY. Additionally, there was a connection to Burlington along the Burlington and Lamoille Railroad. at Cambridge Junction. In 1892, a spur line called the Granite Branch was extended from Hardwick to Woodbury to serve the granite industry in that town.
The St. J & L.C. provided a connection between Portland, Maine and Ogdensburg, NY. Additionally, there was a connection to Burlington along the Burlington and Lamoille Railroad. at Cambridge Junction. In 1892, a spur line called the Granite Branch was extended from Hardwick to Woodbury to serve the granite industry in that town.
In its early decades of operation, the St. J & L.C. served the summer tourism industry. Some passengers traveled to their summer camps such as those on Caspian Lake in Greensboro. Others traveled and stayed in the railroad hotels located along the route.
The Grand Avenue Hotel named in 1920 formerly known as The Swanton Hotel and The Swanton Inn. A majority of the hotel was demolished in May of 1938, however, part of the hotel still remains on Grand Avenue in Swanton, Vermont. Credit: The Swanton Historical Society
The Bellevue Hotel was purchased by the St Johnsbury and Lamoille County RR, disassembled, and moved in sections along the RR to from Sheldon Springs to Maquam Shore on Lake Champlain in Swanton, Vermont in 1909 where it was remained the Hotel Champlain. The hotel predates 1882. Credit: The Swanton Historical Society
The Eagle Hotel built in 1825 and renamed the Central House in 1866. The hotel was ultimately destroyed in a fire in July of 1895. Credit: The Swanton Historical Society
For most of its life, freight sustained the railroad along with local passenger service. Freight shipped on this line included asbestos, talc, limestone, gravel, grain, feed, dairy products, lumber, and Christmas trees. The infamous flood of 1927 caused 160 washouts and destroyed two-thousand feet of bridges and trestles, mostly along the profitable thirty-mile segment between Cambridge Junction and Hardwick. In the 1930s, passenger service declined, though freight remained profitable.
In 1948, the railroad was reorganized as the St. Johnsbury and Lamoille County Railroad. At this time, the conversion from steam to diesel required costly improvements to the track and bridges to support the heavier engines. The advent of the automobile caused declining ridership and in 1956, passenger service was discontinued. The U.S. Postal Service terminated a profitable mail contract that same year. In 1973, the State of Vermont purchased the railroad, renaming it the Lamoille Valley Railroad (LVRR) in 1978. Important businesses such as talc and asbestos companies closed in the 1970s. Excursion trains ran in the 1980s, but the track was not maintained. The LVRR ceased operation in 1994, and in 2002 the State of Vermont began converting the LVRR to the LVRT.
The Lamoille Valley Railroad is historically significant as a good example of rural, east-west rail service in northern New England. The railroad contributed to the development of rail communities such as Sheldon Junction, Morrisville, Hardwick, and St. Johnsbury. The railroad provided valuable freight and passenger service to the communities along its route, stimulating industrial, commercial, and agricultural growth.