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Reports, Projects & Plans

Annual Reports 

Transportation Energy Profile

The Transportation Energy Profile ("the Profile") is a reporting series that documents a wide range of data and trends related to transportation energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Profile is intended to inform transportation-related policy-making and to directly track the State’s progress toward achieving the transportation sector goals and objectives articulated in the State’s 2016 Comprehensive Energy Plan (CEP).


Highway User Fees Study 

The transition to vehicle electrification impacts the way in which roadway maintenance is funded. Historically, federal and state gas taxes have generated roadway funding on a user pays principle, wherein the usage of gas has served as a reliable proxy for a driver’s usage of (and impact upon) roads.  

Increasingly over time, however, greater differentiation in the size and fuel efficiencies of vehicles has shifted tax burdens from some groups to others while undermining the actual amount of funding available to maintain our transportation system for everyone’s use. For example, some owners of older gas vehicles may be paying significantly more than those with newer electric or more efficient vehicles, at least with regard to their impact on the condition of our roads.  

Because EV drivers do not pay any gas taxes and PHEV and hybrid drivers pay significantly less than those with an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV), alternate revenue sources and methods of collection are necessary to ensure that all users contribute their fair share to maintain, operate, and build the highway system.  

Read more about the Electric and Highly Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Road Usage Charge Study.  


Carbon Reduction Strategy

The purpose of the Vermont Agency of Transportation’s Carbon Reduction Program is to reduce transportation emissions through the development of statewide carbon reduction strategies and by funding projects designed to reduce emissions. 

National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) State Plans

Vermont has been a leader in public EV charging deployment, with more chargers per capita than any state in the nation. In the fall of 2021, the Vermont Agency of Transportation sought to build upon the state’s early success by working with Drive Electric Vermont to develop a ten-year, statewide strategic Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) deployment plan. This initial effort formed the foundation of the required NEVI plan, which is updated annually to reflect sustained public engagement, lessons learned from implementation, and revised projections. 

Resilience Improvement Plans

The purpose of the Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient, and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) program is to help make surface transportation more resilient to natural hazards. The program incentivizes states to develop a Resilience Improvement Plan (RIP) to address surface transportation system resilience to current and future weather events and natural disasters. A central component of the RIP is a prioritized list of resilience projects. Once a RIP is approved by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), those projects become eligible for a greater share of federal funding and PROTECT grant applications for them no longer need to include a benefit cost analysis. 

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